Mount Samat

Mount Samat is a historic mountain in the town of Pilar, Province of Bataan, in the Republic of the Philippines. Located near its summit is the Mount Samat National Shrine, a national shrine dedicated to the fallen Filipino and American fallen during World War II. Mount Samat is a parasitic cone of Mount Mariveles with no record of historical eruption. The summit of Mount Samat is 9.2 km (5.7 mi) NE of the Mariveles caldera. Mount Samat itself has a 550-metre (1,800 ft) wide crater that opens to the northeast. The Mount Samat Cross is situated near the edge of the crater rim.

The Filipino and American soldiers were ordered to defend Bataan for as long as possible to delay the invasion of Luzon by the Japanese Imperial Army. Bataan, particularly Mt. Samat together with the nearby fortified Corregidor are strategically located and serve as ideal vantage points for observing naval movement in Manila Bay.